steag_it stema



  • Official name: Repubblica Italiana;
  • Official language: Italian;
  • Capital: Rome (2.724.347 in 31/12/2008);
  • Population: 60.045.068 inhabitants;
  • Density: 199,3 inhabitants/km²;
  • Area: 301,338 km²;
  • Geographical position in Europe:
    The Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a Member of the Southern territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region. The borders Italy to the west to France, to the north with Switzerland and Austria to the east and Slovenia. The micro-San Marino and Vatican City are enclaves entirely included in its territory, while the town of Campione d’Italy is an enclave located in the Italian speaking canton of Ticino in Switzerland.


  • Form of government: Parliamentary republic;
  • President of the Republic: Giorgio Napolitano;
  • Council President: Silvio Berlusconi ;
  • Proclamation Unification: 17 March 1861;
  • Czech: 2 June 1946;
  • Input the ONU: 14 December 1955;
  • Input the UE: 25 March 1957 (founding member).


  • Currency: Euro;
  • TLD:. Com /.Eu;
  • Telephone: +39;
  • Acronym car: I;
  • National Anthem: “Il Canto degli Italiani” also known as “Inno di Mameli” or “Brothers of Italy”;
  • National Day: April 25 and June 2;



Of the more than 60 million residents of the 94.24% has Italian citizenship.

The Law of 15 February 1992, n. 91, art. 1 co. 1, provides that a citizen by birth
a) the son of the father or mother of citizens (de jure sanguinis);
b) who was born in Italy where both parents are unknown or stateless, or if the child does not follow the citizenship of their parents, according to the law of the state (de jure soli).

Is a citizen by birth the son of unknown found in Italy, if you do not try to hold another citizenship. Also automatically acquire citizenship Italian citizens Vatican to terminate the rights of abode in the small enclave of Rome.

Italian citizenship is granted without limit of generations, the descendants of Italian migrants even if they are not allowed generational jump. The amount of potential Italian citizens, according to this criterion, doubling the current population of the Italian peninsula. Is the Americas that is rooted most of the emigrants in the second half of the nineteenth century and twentieth century.

The Italian citizenship is granted to those who marries an Italian citizen after six months of the marriage.

Foreign Nationals

The number of immigrants or foreign residents in Italy has increased considerably since the 1990s and, according to ISTAT figures, on 1 January 2008 consisted of 3,432,651 units (excluding naturalized with dual nationality that counts ISTAT only between Italian citizens), equivalent to 5.75% of the total resident population, distributed according to nationality in this way:




% of total *

1 ITALY 56,220,251 94.25%
2 ROMANIA 625,278 1.05%
3 ALBANIA 401,949 0.67%
4 MOROCCO 365,908 0.61%
5 CHINA 156,519 0.26%























Source: The foreign population resident in Italy as of 1 January 2008, ISTAT, Roma.


Palermo is an Italian town of 659,433 inhabitants, capital of the province and the Region of Sicily, is the seat of the Sicilian Region. Fifth city by population after Rome, Milan, Naples and Turin, and thirty-first at the European level, is the main cultural, historical, economic and administrative center of Sicily. The urban area has about 860,000 inhabitants and the metropolitan area that gathers 27 municipalities has 1,036,954 inhabitants.


All citizens who belong to non-EU countries may enter Italy by presenting a passport and, where required, the visa issued in their country of origin. Once in Italy will require a residence permit which will equal justification to that described on the visa. It should not be required if the residence permit for business, tourism, visit or study is less than three months.
EU citizens do not need permission to stay in Italy.


1. Within 48 hours upon arrival, the person hosting you must declare you as guest at the local police station or to the urban authorities. The form commonly known must be completely filled and submitted to the local police. Along with it the following documents must be attached: photocopy of the host’s identification document or permit of stay (in the case of a non citizen in Italy), the visitor’s passport. Alternatively, it is possible to send the documentation to the area police commission through a registered mail.

2. Within 8 working days upon entry in Italy, you must present yourselves to request for the permit of stay:

a) “Assessorato alle Attività Sociali” at the City of Palermo, Corso Vittorio Emanuele 261 , if you have an entry visa type C (maximum validity of 90 days), or otherwise coming from countries from which entry visa for reasons of tourism is not required.

b) At the local area Police Commissions for all the other types of entry visas (valid for more than 90 days).
If on the permit of stay there is a printing error of the data brought back by the officials, one must to go to the “Assessorato alle Attività Sociali” at the City of Palermo, Corso Vittorio Emanuele 261  area and request for the correction (even when the permit of stay was obtained at the local Police Commission)

3. Once the permit of stay is granted, one must:
•  Report to the Revenue office in Palermo Via Vittorio Emanuele 85 to request for the Tax identification number;
•  Report to the local Municipality to request for certificate of residence and, one given the residence certificate, request for the Identity card;
•  Report to the area ASL (local health services) to request for registration to the National Health Service to obtain allocation of a family doctor.


In case of theft or loss of an identification document it is necessary to make declaration of loss or theft immediately to the nearest area Police at that moment (it is advisable to always photocopy one’s own documents after the issuance). After reporting loss or theft of the passport, you must go your consulate in Rome to present the declaration possibly with a valid document (identity card, driver’s license, even if valid in national territory of belonging) and request for a Consular Declaration that attests the applicant’s identity (equipped with a photo), or a Consular Passport.
After reporting the loss, theft or the permit of stay, one must go to “Assessorato alle Attività Sociali” at the City of Palermo, Corso Vittorio Emanuele 261 area and request for a duplicate permit of stay (to be compiled at the office).

For the following documents: tax identification number, identity card and the driver’s license equipped with the police report, permit of stay and the passport require reference to the issuing office.


•  To all the foreign nationals (with or without documents), temporarily present in the Italian territory, hospital attendance for emergency cases and the essential ambulance treatments (even constant) is guaranteed in cases of illness and accidents. Moreover, the social cover and attendance for pregnancy and maternity is assured.

•  To be able to benefit from the National Health Services, foreigners without documents must register as S.T.P (Straniero Temporaneamente Presente – temporarily present foreigner); registration is done through an identifying code valid in the whole of the national territory. The code is anonymous and can only be used for scope of health.

•  Young children have a right and duty to be enrolled in public schools.

•  Even for the foreign workers in Italy, it is obligatory to make a declaration of income (Income tax return) every year. This helps to demonstrate one’s own income.

•  It is obligatory to be enrolled at the (Centri per l’Impiego) Employment Centres.

•  It is possible to obtain information on the current job offers or instructional and professional refreshment courses at the COL, CILO, Informagiovani, and Centri per l’ Impiego. Moreover, one can look for a job through temporary job agencies or by consulting specialised journals.

•  Issuing of a driving licence is done at the provincial Offices of Civil Motorization or through a local driving school.


•  Public emergency rescue (Police) 113
•  Health Emergency (ambulance) 118
•  National Fire Department 115
•  Paramilitary Police officers (like administrative Police) 112
• “Assessorato alle Attività Sociali” at the City of Palermo 091.7402887/7402868
•  ASL Palermo (Via Giacomo Cusmano 24 – 90141) 091.7031111 Uffici Romeni in Italia

Ambasciata di Romania in Italia
Via Nicolò Tartaglia, 36
00197 ROMA
tel. 06.808.44.23 (sezione consolare)
fax. 06.808.49.95

Ambasciata di Romania presso la Santa Sede
Via Panama, 92
00198 ROMA
tel. 06.854.18.02
fax. 06.855.40.67

Consolato Generale di Romania – Milano
Via Gignese, 2
20148 MILANO
tel. 02.400.74.018
fax. 02.400.74.023

Consolato Onorario di Romania – Bari
Via Zappetta, 7/D
70121 BARI
tel. 080.524.81.78
fax. 080.524.76.45

Consolato Onorario di Romania – Firenze
Via Borgo Pinti, 20
tel. 055.240.601

Consolato Onorario di Romania – Torino
Piazza Statuto, 10
10122 TORINO
tel. 011.426.23.16
fax. 011.521.48.58

Consolato Onorario di Romania – Treviso
Via P. Bembo, 79
31011 ASOLO
tel. 0423.952.055
fax. 0423.529.977

Associazione “Ciprian Porumbescu” – Palermo
Riconosciuta dall’Ambasciata di Romania in Italia
Via Siracusa, 5

The new Italian Vademecum for Migrants by Ministry of Labor
(September 2009)